The Wushu Basic Stances are the basic skills of the legs method in a real combat, including horse stance, bow stance, empty stance, drop stance, boxing stance, etc.
The Wushu Basic Stances are not only usefull fighting postures during a real combat, let you offense and defense faster, but are also a good exercise for your leg strength.
1- 并步 Bìng Bù – Feet-together Stance
The feet are close together
2- 开立步 Kāi Lì Bù – Open Stance
The two legs are parallelly opened. Normally is using for preparing training.
3- 马步 Mǎ bù – Horse（riding） Stance
The two legs are opened in parallel, the distance between the two feet is the length of the three soles of the foot, and then can squat down, the toes are parallel forward, and is not allowed to let the feet going to an outwards direction.
The knees are supported outwards, the knees cannot exceed the toes, and the thighs are parallel to the ground.
With a chest pulled back, the chest should be flat and the back should be round. Both hands can hug the chest, such as holding a ball. The head is up, and the top of the head is like suspended by a line.This is the basic requirement of the horse-riding stance. It is not easy to stand for a long time at the beginning, standing for 5 minutes it’s already very good, but if you will desist in your training so is possible in the future you can stand for half an hour, achieving your success.
4- 半马步 Bàn Mǎ bù – Half Horse（riding） Stance
(1) The legs are bent and the thighs are slightly above the level. The center of gravity is slightly biased to the hind legs.
(2) The toes of the front foot are facing forward, and the toes of the back foot are toward the side.
(3) The distance between the two feet is about 3 feet long. The ankle is opened.
(4) The upper body turns slightly to the left.
5- 弓步 Gōng Bù – Bow Stance
One leg takes a big step forward, about four – five times the length of the foot, while the knee is bent, the thigh is nearly perpendicular to the horizontal knee and the toe.
The other leg is straight. Both feet are on the ground and the upper body is facing the front.
When the left leg is in front that mean this is left GōngBù, and when lunge the right leg is in front that mean this is right GōngBù.
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