南拳基本步型 NánQuán JīBěn BùXíng
1- 马步 Mǎ bù – Horse（riding） Stance
The two legs are opened in parallel, the distance between the two feet is the length of the three soles of the foot, and then can squat down, the toes are parallel forward, and is not allowed to let the feet going to an outwards direction.
The knees are supported outwards, the knees cannot exceed the toes, and the thighs are parallel to the ground.
With a chest pulled back, the chest should be flat and the back should be round. Both hands can hug the chest, such as holding a ball. The head is up, and the top of the head is like suspended by a line.This is the basic requirement of the horse-riding stance. It is not easy to stand for a long time at the beginning, standing for 5 minutes it’s already very good, but if you will desist in your training so is possible in the future you can stand for half an hour, achieving your success.
2- 半马步 Bàn Mǎ bù – Half Horse（riding） Stance
(1) The legs are bent and the thighs are slightly above the level. The center of gravity is slightly biased to the hind legs.
(2) The toes of the front foot are facing forward, and the toes of the back foot are toward the side.
(3) The distance between the two feet is about 3 feet long. The ankle is opened.
(4) The upper body turns slightly to the left.
3- 虚步 (Xū Bù): Empty Stance
Xū-bù is one of the five basic stance in martial arts (gōng bù, mǎ bù, xū bù, pū bù, xiē bù) .
The two feet are parallely opened, the vertical distance between the 2 feet is about three times the length of the foot. The knee of supporting leg are half-bent, the thigh are close to be horizontal and the sole of this foot is on the ground. The center of gravity is between the legs.
The main strength of the body must be on the support leg.
4- 弓步 Gōng Bù – Bow Stance
One leg takes a big step forward, about four – five times the length of the foot, while the knee is bent, the thigh is nearly perpendicular to the horizontal knee and the toe.
The other leg is straight. Both feet are on the ground and the upper body is facing the front.
When the left leg is in front that mean this is left GōngBù, and when the right leg is in front that mean this is right GōngBù.
5- 骑龙步 Qí lóng bù – Riding Dragon Stance
This is one of the typical stance of Nanquan, also known as KuàHǔBù.
One leg bent down and the whole foot touched the ground; The other foot is close to the ground [not grounded], the heel is lifted, and the distance between the two feet is about two feet long.
6- 跪步 GuìBù – Kneel Stance
One leg (A) knee is fully bent and the same leg whole foot touches the ground; the other leg (B) bends down so that the knee is close to the ground (not grounded), the heel is rised from the ground but the sole of that feet touch the ground. The hips sit on the heel (or on the claf) of leg (B).
7- 单碟步 Dān Dié Bù – Butterfly Stance （or Drop Crouch Stance）
One leg (A) knee is fully bent and the same leg whole foot touches the ground; the other leg (B) is squatting, and the inner side of the calf and the inner side of the foot are both attached to the ground.
8- 横挡步 HéngDàngBù – side bow stance
HéngDàngBù is also known with the name of HéngGōngBù or CèGōngBù.
How to do: Two hands on the hips (or hold two fists to the waist), the center of gravity shifts on the right (left) leg, the right (left) leg bends 90 degrees half a turn; the left (right) foot makes a big step to the left (foot length is about 4-5 times the foot itself), the other leg is straight, and the two toes are parallel forward in a horizontal step. The head must be turned to the left (right) and look to the left (right).
When the left leg is laterally opened that mean this is left HéngDàngBù, and when the right leg is laterally opened that mean this is right HéngDàngBù.
9- 拐步 Guǎi bù – Turned Stance (or Cross-Leged Stance)
Both back and forth legs are crossing. The front leg bends under the knee, the toes “look” outside (about 90°); the hind leg knee goes down, close to the ground, but the heel are not touching the ground。The Upper body remains upright。
10- 盖步 gàibù (cross-over step)
One foot is stepping forward through the other foot, the two legs are crossed.
10- 独立步 (Dú Lì Bù): One-legged Stance
独立步 支撑腿微屈站稳，另一腿屈膝提起，举于体前，大腿高 于水平。
The support leg is slightly flexed and stabilized, and the other leg is lifted. The thigh is higher than the hips level.
11- 仆步 (Pū Bù): Flat Stance or Crouch Stance
The right leg is completely fold and on the same line with the right shoulder, the thighs and calves are close, the buttocks are close to the right calf, both feet are on the ground, toes and knees “look” outward;
The left leg is straight and flat, the toes are buckled, and the whole foot touches the ground.
The distance between the feet are 4-5 times the width of the foot
When the right leg is flat, it will be the right pū bù. Your eyes must Look on the right side.
When the left leg is flat, it will be the left pū bù. Your eyes must Look on the left side.
ALL OF THESE PICTURES WERE FOUND ONLINE ON PUBBLIC WEBSITE AND SOME OF THESE ART WORKS WERE CREATED BY GUY ROBINSON OF ATLANTA, GEORGIA (ALSO FOUND ONLINE ON PUBBLIC WEBSITE).